Traumatic Brain Injury: Signs and Symptoms

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a condition caused by a sudden trauma, such as a blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury, that disrupts the normal function of the brain. Examples of these impacts include the head hitting a solid object, such as a wall or steering wheel, or an object penetrating the skull and brain. TBIs range from mild to moderate, severe or penetrating. While certain signs and symptoms of TBI can be apparent, the injury can also be invisible to service members and to those around them immediately following the impact.

Free Support Program for Warriors in Transition

The men and women of the armed forces serve our nation around the globe. When transitions including deployment or permanent change of station (PCS) occur, it’s important to ensure that our nation’s warriors have the right support systems in place. For warriors who are receiving treatment for psychological health concerns, the inTransition Coaching and Support Program offers support as they move between health care systems or providers. This support helps warriors to effectively navigate changes and maintain mission readiness.

Cognitive Rehabilitation Helps Warriors With Mild TBI

Mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) — also known as concussion — remains one of the most common injuries sustained by those serving in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. This is due to the widespread use of explosive weapons, the increased survival rates due to advances in body armor and the increased ability of health professionals to screen for concussion.

Psychological Health Resource Center

The Psychological Health Center of Excellence (PHCoE) has established an resource center to provide information and assistance to service members, veterans, family members, health care providers, caregivers, employers and others in the community with questions about psychological health issues and traumatic brain injury.

Traumatic Brain Injury: Treatment and Recovery

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can mean different things depending on the severity of the injury and the recovery course. Mild TBI, otherwise known as concussion, can produce physical, cognitive and emotional symptoms that many times heal quickly. However, sometimes these symptoms become chronic and can affect you in many ways, causing a significant impact on your family, job, social life and community interactions. More severe brain injuries usually take longer to heal. Common chronic TBI symptoms include difficulty with fatigue or lethargy levels, changes in sleep patterns, behavioral or mood changes and trouble with memory, concentration, attention or thinking.

What Line of Duty Determinations Mean to Guard and Reserve Members

Note: Line of Duty (LOD) is a term used by the Army, Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps. The Coast Guard uses the term “Notice of Eligibility” (NOE). For simplicity, this article uses “LOD” for both terms.


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